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CoViD-19: what you have to know about it

Summary of information, recommendations, rules of conduct, obligations and prohibitions of general interest for the containment of CoViD-19 infection

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In this section, INMP collected and summarised the national provisions1 aimed at fighting the spread of CoViD-19 and addressed to all people in Italy. 

Please note: some Regions adopted provisions that modify opening and closure dates of some activities according to infection spreading.

Last update: July 22, 2020

Rules valid on the whole Italian territory until July 31 (except for some specific provisions whose time limits are specified in the text):

  1. Movements
  2. Prohibition of gatherings
  3. Access to parks, children's play activity, sports activity
  4. Information and hygiene measures
  5. Information and rules of conduct in case of symptoms or doubts about your health status
  6. Places of worship and religious functions
  7. Cultural and social activities causing gathering of people
  8. Educational, school and training services
  9. Retail activities
  10. Services, agricultural and professional activities
  11. Restaurants, bars, and other food and drink administration activities
  12. Accommodation facilities and beach resorts
  13. Trade and industrial productive activities
  14. How to behave in health facilities, residential care homes and prisons
  15. Arrivals in Italy

1. Movements

a) Movements within the Italian territory

From June 3, 2020 you can move freely on the Italian territory, both inside the region you are in and between regions.

b) Movements towards foreign countries

From June 3 (except for specific limitations), you can move freely to:

  • EU Member states;
  • countries of the Schengen area;
  • United Kingdom and Northern Ireland;
  • Andorra and Principality of Monaco;
  • Republic of San Marino and Vatican City.

Until July 31, you can move to a different country from the ones listed above only for proven business needs, absolute urgency or health reasons.

c) Prohibition to move if you have symptoms

If you have symptoms of respiratory infection and fever over 37,5°C, stay at home and limit all contacts with other people as much as you can. Call your family doctor or the regional toll-free number (see below, point N. 5).

d) Prohibition to move during the “quarantine” measure

If you are subjected to the “quarantine” measure (fiduciary home stay) or have tested positive for the virus, you are strictly prohibited from moving from home.

2. Prohibition of gatherings:

Any form of gathering of people in public or private places or is prohibited.

Public events are only allowed only in static form, provided that distance between people and other safety rules are respected, in compliance with the requirements imposed by the Police.

Some events, including public events, are subjected to specific behavioral rules (see annex 1 of Prime Ministerial Decree, July 14, 2020). 

3. Access to parks, children's play activity, sports activity

a) Access to parks

You can go to parks, villas and public gardens. Always keep the distance of at least one meter from other people.

b) Children's play and recreational activity

For kids and teens who access to parks, villas and public gardens, remember the following rules:

  • kids under 14 years must be accompanied by an adult responsible for them;
  • over-14 young people can move without being accompanied;
  • Gatherings are prohibited and the distance between people of at least one meter must always be respected (except between kids and their accompanying adult);
  • Everyone must wear a mask, except for children under 6 years.

Children over 3 years and teens can access to places organised - also informally - for play, recreational and educational activities, both indoor and outdoor (i.e. holiday camps) with operators caring for kids and teens. Specific safety protocols1 must be adopted.
You can practice sport or other kind of outdoor physical activity. If you practice sport, you must keep at least a 2-meters distance from other people (except for people accompanying children or not completely self-sufficient people).
Public and private gym activities, sports centres, swimming pools are open. Safety distance and specific protocols must be respected.

From June 12, sports events and competitions recognized of national interest (CONI, CIP, federations, international sports organisations) are allowed without attendants. Specific protocols must be respected. Also training sessions of professional and non-professional athletes are allowed, with no attendants and by respecting safety protocols.

From June 25, contact sports are allowed, given that the regions have previously verified that this is possible considering infection spread and that safety protocols are respected. Activities in ski areas are allowed at the same conditions.

For all the activities included in this paragraph, please note that behavioral guidelines have been updated (see annex 1 of Prime Ministerial Decree, July 14, 2020).

4. Information and hygiene measures

Each person must observe the following hygiene measures:

  • wash your hands often or use disinfectant solutions made available in places open to the public;
  • avoid close contact with people suffering from acute respiratory infections;
  • avoid hugs and handshakes;
  • maintain, in social contacts, an interpersonal distance of at least one meter;
  • sneeze and cough in a tissue avoiding contact of the hands with respiratory secretions;
  • avoid shared use of bottles and glasses, particularly during sports activities;
  • do not touch your eyes, nose and mouth with your hands;
  • cover your mouth and nose if you sneeze or cough;
  • do not take antiviral drugs and antibiotics, unless they are prescribed by a doctor;
  • clean the surfaces with chlorine or alcohol-based disinfectants;
  • use a mask or cover your mouth and nose in all contacts with other people.

Everyone must use a mask, even children over 6 years, in all closed places open to the public, including means of transport and whenever one meter distance cannot be constantly maintained. Masks can be disposable, reusable and self-made.

Elderly people and those affected by chronic diseases, multi-morbidity or immunosuppression must leave their home only in cases of strict necessity.

Covid-19: Ten behavioral rules to be followed - Download poster (.pdf version)

5. Information and rules of conduct in case of symptoms or doubts about your health status

  • if you have symptoms such as fever (over 37.5°), coughing or breathing difficulties, stay at home and limit all contacts with other people as much as you can; do not go to the emergency room or to the doctor’s office but immediately call your family doctor, paediatrician and the medical guard or the regional toll-free number (SEE BELOW);
  • behave in the same way if you think you have been in close contact with a CoViD-19 patient;
  • call the emergency numbers 112/118 only if the symptoms you experience are not mild and you think you need help;
  • for further information or clarification, the national toll-free number 1500 is available.

Regional numbers for the containment and management of CoViD-19 infection in Italy:

  • Basilicata: 800 99 66 88  
  • Calabria: 800 76 76 76
  • Campania: 800 90 96 99
  • Emilia-Romagna: 800 033 033 (in the Municipality of Piacenza, call the information number 0523 303600)
  • Friuli Venezia Giulia: 800 500 300  
  • Lazio: 800 11 88 00
  • Liguria: 800 938 883 (from Monday to Friday, from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m.. Saturday from 9 to 12 a.m.) or 112
  • Lombardia: 800 89 45 45
  • Marche: 800 93 66 77
  • Piemonte: 800 19 20 20 (24h/24h) or 800 333 444 (from Monday to Friday, from 8:00 am to 8:00 pm)
  • Provincia autonoma di Trento: 800 867 388  
  • Provincia autonoma di Bolzano: 800 751 751  
  • Puglia: 800 713 931
  • Sardegna: 800 311 377 (for health information) or 800 894 530 (civil protection)
  • Sicilia: 800 45 87 87
  • Toscana: 800 55 60 60
  • Umbria: 800 63 63 63
  • Val d’Aosta: 800 122 121
  • Veneto: 800 462 340  
  • Abruzzo:
    • Asl n. 1 Avezzano-Sulmona-L’Aquila 800 169 326   
    • ASL n. 2 Chieti-Lanciano-Vasto: 800 860 146   
    • ASL n. 3 Pescara: 800 556 600
    • ASL n. 4 Teramo: 800 090 147
  • Molise: for information and reporting you can call the numbers 0874 313000 and 0874 409000

Dedicated phone service of the Italian Ministry of Health (also available in Chinese language): 1500

Call the emergency numbers 112 or 118 only if strictly necessary.

6. Places of worship and religious functions

You can go to places of worship. always avoid gatherings and respect at least 1-meter distance from other people. Religious functions can take place in compliance with specific protocols2.

7. Cultural and social activities causing gathering of people

a) Live shows and cinema

Indoor or outdoor theatres, concert halls and cinemas will be open, in compliance with the following rules:

  • seats will be pre-assigned and spaced;
  • the distance of at least one meter must always be respected by both staff and spectators; (except for households and cohabiting couples);
  • a maximum number of 1000 spectators for outdoor shows and of 200 people for indoor shows must be respected;
  • Everyone must use a mask.

By considering infection spread, regions can decide different opening dates and quantity of people allowed.

b) The following activities are allowed if regions have verified that this is possible according to infection spread and if safety protocols are respected:

  • wellness centres and spas (except for services falling within the essential levels of assistance);
  • cultural and social centres;
  • game rooms, betting rooms and bingo halls.

c) The following activities are still suspended until July 31,2020:

  • fairs, conferences and congresses;
  • indoor and outdoor dance schools, discos and similar places;

Conferences, meetings, gatherings and social events involving healthcare workers or operators of essential public services are also suspended.

d) Museums and other places of culture

Museums and other places of culture are open. Admissions must be limited, gatherings of people must be avoided and the distance of at least one meter between people must be respected.

For all the activities included in this paragraph, please note that behavioral guidelines have been updated (see annex 1 of Prime Ministerial Decree, July 14, 2020).

8. Educational, school and training services

  • Educational services for children, school activities, higher and professional training activities, masters, courses for health professionals and other training activities are suspended (except for training for general practitioners);
  • any other form of alternative aggregation is prohibited in order to maintain social distancing;
  • State exams are held according to the specific rules provided;
  • general medicine training courses are excluded from suspension. Specialist courses for doctors as well as traineeships of health professions can case continue in remote mode;
  • from 20 May, courses as well as theoretical and practical tests for obtaining driving licenses can be held;
  • schools and Universities activate remote teaching, with special attention to the need of disabled students;
  • in Universities and Institutions of higher education exams, internship, research, laboratory and practice activities can be carried out. Libraries can be used if prevention and protection rules are respected;
  • educational trips, exchange or twinning initiatives, guided tours and educational outings scheduled in schools of all levels are suspended.
  • By respecting specific safety protocols, the following activities are allowed:
    • training courses in general medicine. Specialist courses for doctors and activities of trainees for health professions can also continue in distance mode;
    • training activities of the Ministries of Defence, Economy and financeand Justice;
    • courses and exams for driving licences.

9. Retail activities

Retail activities are functioning by respecting the following rules:

  • safety distance of at least one meter between people;
  • limited access;
  • clients must stay in the shop only for the time needed to purchase goods.

10. Services, agricultural and professional activities

Services to people are allowed according to the provisions adopted by the regions, based on the progress of the infection, and in compliance with specific safety protocols, national guidelines and general criteria provided at this link, and with behavioral guidelines.

Activities already functioning according to Prime Ministerial Decree of April 26, 2020 (laundries, funeral services and related activities) are permitted.

Banking, financial and insurance services as well as agricultural, zootechnical agro-food processing sector, including supply chains, are guaranteed, in compliance with hygiene and health regulations.

Professional activities are allowed, with the follow recommendations:

  • Maximum use of smart working for the activities that can be carried out at home or remotely;
  • Holidays and leave for employees are promoted;
  • Anti-contagion safety protocols are adopted and personal protective equipment is used if it is not possible to respect the distance of at least one meter between people as the main containment measure;
  • Sanitation of the workplace is encouraged.

11. Restaurants, bars, and other food and drink administration activities

  • Bars, pubs and restaurants as well as ice cream parlours, patisseries and other catering services are open according to regional provisions based on the progress of the infection;

The following service are always guaranteed:

  • canteens;
  • home delivery catering;
  • take away catering, also in motorway service areas;
  • Services in hospitals and airports.

Always maintain the safety distance of at least one meter between people.

For all the activities included in this paragraph, please note that behavioral guidelines have been updated (see annex 1 of Prime Ministerial Decree, July 14, 2020).

12. Accommodation facilities and beach resorts

Accommodation facilities (hotels, bed and breakfasts, guest houses, etc.) and beach resorts are open. Hygiene rules and distance between people of at least one meter must always be respected. Opening is regulated by the provisions adopted by Regions, based on the progress of the infection.

13. Trade and industrial productive activities

Trade and industrial productive activities are allowed. Specific safety protocols must be respected3.

14. How to behave in health facilities, residential care homes and prisons

  • If you accompany a person to the emergency room, you cannot stay in the waiting rooms, unless healthcare staff gives you different indications;
  • if you want to visit a person located in a long-term care facility or a nursing home, a hospice, a rehab facility or a residential care home for the elderly or non-self-sufficient people, you must remember that visits could be limited to particular cases and special precautions may be required (e.g. masks, distance security, access restriction to some areas);
  • meeting with all detainees will be held in telephone or video mode, also for a longer time than normally provided. Personal conversations will be authorized only in extraordinary cases and as long as a 2 meters distance is guaranteed. Permissions and partial freedom will be limited to avoid egress and the ingress to the structure, thus evaluating the possibility of house detention.

15. Arrivals in Italy

Until July 31, the following rules are valid for people coming from - or who have been in the 14 days before entering Italy - one of the countries listed at point 1-b.

These rules shall not be applied to:

  • EU citizens and people living in the EU, countries of the Schengen area, Andorra, Principality of Monaco, Republic of San Marino and Vatican City, United Kingdom and Northern Ireland who enter Italy for proven work reasons;
  • cross-border workers entering or leaving Italy for proven work reasons and for going back home;
  • other cases specifically provided for.

a) Long-term stay (more than 120 hours on the Italian territory)

If you enter Italy, even using a private vehicle, you must immediately communicate the arrival to the Prevention Department of the local health authority and undergo a 14 days-period of health surveillance and fiduciary isolation.

In case COVID-19 symptoms appear, you must:

  • contact the health authorities right away;
  • put on a mask
  • stay alone in your room and close the door, often opening the windows.

If you use public transport services to enter Italy, at the time of boarding, you must submit a self-declaration that certifies:

  • the reason (proven business needs, extreme urgency or health related issues);
  • full address of the final destination in Italy where health surveillance and fiduciary isolation will occur, and the private vehicle used to reach it;
  • telephone number (also mobile phone) to receive all the communications while staying in the country.

If you cannot reach the residence indicated at the departure, health surveillance and fiduciary isolation will occur in a place designed for by the competent authorities, with the expenses charged to you. If you do not have symptoms, you can move to another address and undergo another 14 days-period of health surveillance and fiduciary isolation.

b) Short-term stay (up to 120 hours on the Italian territory)

You can have a short-term stay (for a maximum period of 120 hours) in Italy only for proven business, absolute urgency or health reasons. You must show a self-declaration that certifies:

  • reasons for moving and duration of staying;
  • full address of the final destination in Italy and the private vehicle used to reach it;
  • telephone number (also mobile phone) to receive all the communications while staying in the country.

Self-declarations are submitted when boarding if you are traveling by public transport services or to the competent health authority in case of private vehicles. Remember that you must:

  • immediately leave the Italian territory after the expiry of the indicated staying period or, failing that, start the health surveillance and fiduciary isolation procedure;
  • inform the local health authority’s Prevention Department and undergo the fiduciary isolation procedure in case COVID-19 symptoms appear.

In any case, you must immediately communicate your arrival to the Prevention Department of the competent health authority.

c) Transit through the Italian territory

If you travel by car or coach, transit through the Italian territory is permitted in order to reach another EU or non-EU state, without prejudice to the obligation of communicating your arrival in Italy to the Prevention Department of the competent health authority right away and reporting the situation to the health authority promptly in case COVID-19 symptoms appear. The maximum period of staying on the Italian territory is up to 36 hours, which may be extended by additional 12 hours only for specific and proven needs. If the foreseen limit exceeds, communication and health surveillance and fiduciary isolation procedures’ obligations will be applied.

If you travel by plane to reach another EU or non-EU, you must:

  • submit a self-declaration at the time of boarding, certifying:
    • the reason for traveling and the duration of staying in Italy;
    • the final destination, travel document and means of transport’s identification numbers;
    • telephone number (also mobile phone) to receive all the communications while staying in Italy;
  • not to leave their designated areas inside the terminals;
  • report to the local health authority’s Prevention Department and undergo the fiduciary isolation procedure in case COVID-19 symptoms appear.

Passengers transiting to reach their final destination in Italy shall communicate to the Prevention Department of the health authority that is competent for the place of arrival.

d) Forbidden entries and transits from/through specific countries until July 31, 2020

Until July 31, it will be still forbidden to enter Italy and transit through the country for all those citizens who stayed in or transited through the following countries in the previous fourteen days:

  • Armenia;
  • Bahrain;
  • Bangladesh;
  • Brazil;
  • Bosnia - Herzegowina;
  • Chile;
  • Kuwait;
  • North Macedonia;
  • Moldova;
  • Oman;
  • Panama;
  • Peru;
  • Dominican Republic.

Also, direct and indirect flights from and to these countries are suspended.

This restriction shall not be applied to the citizens (and their family members) of all countries listed in point 1-b. Nevertheless, short - term staying provisions and long - term staying exceptions shall not be applied to the mentioned citizens (see above).

1 National sources: Law Decree March 25, 2020, n. 19; Law Decree May 16, 2020, n. 33; Law Decree June 11, 2020; Prime Ministerial Decree July 14, 2020; Ministry of Health, Circulars of June 30 and July 9, 2020; FAQ developed by the Italian Government and the Ministry of Health.
The provisions that specifically address public administrations, health workers or other public or private entities carrying out particular activities are not listed, for further information see other institutional information channels.

2 Protocols subscribed by the Italian Government and religious denominations are:

3 The Protocol between the Government and the social partners of April 24, 2020 is available at the following link.